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بلوچستان کے معدنی وسائل و مسائل اور کہانی ریکوڈک کی 4

ڈاکٹر غلام سرور جیالوجسٹ

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’’بلوچستان کے معدنی وسائل و مسائل اور کہانی ریکوڈک کی‘‘ پہلا،دوسرا اور تیسرا حصہ پڑھنے کےلئے نیچے دیے گئے لنکس پر کلک کریں

بلوچستان کے معدنی وسائل و مسائل اور کہانی ریکوڈک کی 1

بلوچستان کے معدنی وسائل و مسائل اور کہانی ریکوڈک کی 2

بلوچستان کے معدنی وسائل و مسائل اور کہانی ریکوڈک کی 3

بلوچستان کے کوئلے ،تیل اور گیس کے ذخائر

یہاں ہم بلوچستان کے کوئلے ، تیل اور گیس کے ذخائر کا ذکر کرتے چلیں،جن پر تفصیلی گفتگو کسی دوسرے مضمون میں ہوگی۔ بلوچستان میں تیل کم اور روایتی (Conventional) گیس کے ذخائر زیادہ ہیں مگر ایسے آثار ہیں کہ غیر روایتی گیس (Unconventional Gas) کے ذخائر بھی بڑی مقدار میں مل سکتے ہیں۔ جیسے غازج شیل (Ghazij Shale) قدرتی گیس سے بھرا ہوسکتا ہے اور بہت سی شیل فارمیشنز ہیں۔بلوچستان میں اور بقیہ پاکستان میں۔

کوئی وجہ نہیں کہ ہم ان سے گیس نکال کر ملکی توانائی کا مسئلہ حل نہ کرسکیں۔ بشرطیکہ ہم پوری تندہی اور ایمانداری سے اپنا فرض ادا کریں۔ تیل اور گیس کے سلسلے میں اگر کسی کو دلچسپی ہو تو ان باتوں کو اور آگے بڑھایا جاسکتا ہے۔ راقم الحروف بھی ایک کنسلٹنگ جیولوجسٹ ہے۔ توانائی کے سلسلے میں بلوچستان کے کوئلے کا ذکر بھی واجب ہے، جو بڑی مقدار میں پایا جاتا ہے۔ جی ایس پی کے مطابق ، کوئٹہ ، مچھ ، شاہرگ اور اسپن کاریز کے اطراف میں کوئی ۲۱۷ ملین ٹن کوئلہ موجود ہے اور پاکستان کا ۶۰ فی صد کوئلہ بلوچستان پیدا کرتا ہے ۔یہ کوئلہ زیادہ تر صوبے سے باہر اینٹوں کے بھٹوں میں جلایا جاتا ہے۔

یہاں تک پڑھنے والوں کو یہ احساس ہوچلا ہوگا کہ بلوچستان میں طرح طرح کے منرلز پائے توجاتے ہیں مگر سوائے چند ایک کے جیسے تانبا اور لوہا، بڑی مقدار کے ذخائر کے ثبوت کے لیے ابھی بہت کام کرنے کی ضرورت ہے۔ جیسے بیرائٹ ، فلورائٹ ، سیسہ اور جست (Lead & Zinc) کے بڑے ممکنہ ذخائر موجود ہوسکتے ہیں مگر میری رائے میں ابھی اور تفصیلی نقشہ بندی اور تحقیقات کی ضرورت ہے۔

قلات سے لس بیلہ تک کی کیرتھر بلٹ میں جیوراسک (Jurassic) زمانے کی( کوئی ۲۰ کروڑ برس پرانی)کاربونیٹ چٹانوں میں جو فلورائٹ ، بیرائٹ ، لیڈ اور زنک کے ذخائر ملے ہیں وہ از قسم مسی سیپی وادی یعنی (Mississippi valley type) کہلاتے ہیں۔ ان کی جغرافیائی زوننگ (Zoning) کچھ یوں لگتی ہے کہ قلات کی طرف فلورائٹ ملتا ہے اور لس بیلہ کی طرف بیرائٹ ، لیڈ اور زنک۔ سوال یہ ہے کہ قلات سے شمال کی طرف کوئٹہ ، مسلم باغ اور ژوب کی اسی عمر اور قسم کی چٹانوں میں کیا ہے اور کتنی مقدار میں ہے اور اگر نہیں ہے تو کیا وجوہات ہیں۔ موجودہ ذخائر کے تازہ ترین نمبروں کے لیے GSP سے رجوع کیا جاسکتا ہے۔

جاری ہے۔ ۔ ۔ ۔ ۔ 

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84 Comments

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