بلوچستانپہلا صفحہتاریخکالم

ڈیرہ غازیخان اور راجن پور  کےلوگوں کا قومی پس منظرسٹالن کے نظریہ قوم و قومیت کے تناظرمیں

عبدالقیوم

سٹالن اپنی کتاب ”قوم اورقومیت “ میں لکھتے ہیں

”قوم انسانوں کے ایک ایسے پائیدار گروہ کانام ہے جس کےارتقا اور عروج میں تاریخ نے ہاتھ بٹایا ہو اور جس کےاندر اشتراک زبان ، اشتراک ارض اوراشتراکِ معاش پایاجاتا ہو اورساتھ ہی اس کی نفسیاتی ساخت ایک جیسی ہو وہ نفسیاتی ساخت جس کا اظہار تہذیبی اتحاد کی صورت میں ہو“

وہ مزید اس کی وضاحت کرتے ہوئے لکھتے ہیں

”اس  پرکسی کو کوئی اعتراض نہیں کہ قوم دیگرتمام تاریخی مظاہر کی طرح تبدیلی اورانقلاب کا گہوارہ ہے اس کی ایک مخصوص ابتدا اور انتہا ہوتی ہے‘‘

اوپر قومیت کی جوخوبیاں بیان کی گئی ان میں سے کسی ایک خصوصیت کی بنیاد پر کسی انسانی جمعیت کو قوم نہیں کہہ سکتے.

اور اس حقیقت سےبھی ہم انکار نہیں کرسکتے اگرکسی انسانی جمعیت میں قومیت کی باقی تمام خوبیاں پائی جائیں اگرچہ ایک خوبی کی کمی ہے تووہ ”قوم“ کہلا سکتی ہے

مثلاً کسی انسانی گروہ میں قومی کردار اورنفسیاتی کردار ایک جیسا ہولیکن باقی خوبیاں ندارد تووہ قوم نہیں کہلاسکتی

مثلا روس،گارجیا اور کوہ قاف کےیہودیوں کے درمیان ایک قومی کردار کے ہوتے ہوئے بھی قوم نہیں کہلاسکتی کیونکہ ان کے درمیان قومیت کی باقی  تمام خصوصیات  ندارد ہیں“

تو سٹالن کی انہی توضیح اور تعریف کی  کی رو سے ڈیرہ غازی خان اور راجن پور کے رہنے والے انسانی جمعیت  کے بارے میں  جومنظرنامہ پھوٹتا ہے وہ کچھ یوں ہے

 یہ بھی پڑھیے   

      پہلا حصہ سردار کوڑا خان قیصرانی باغی بنے           عبدالقیوم بزدار

   دوسرا حصہ سردار کوڑا خان قیصرانی باغی بنے           عبدالقیوم بزدار

   بلوچستان سے بلوچستان تک                                       عبدالقیوم بزدار

ان کے ارتقا اور عروج میں  تاریخ نے ہاتھ بٹایا ہے

ان کا خطہِ ارض مشترک ہے اور ان علاقوں کا بلوچستان کے ساتھ کسی قسم کی قدرتی حدبندی نہیں ہے جبکہ انہی علاقوں کی قدرتی حدبندی دریائےسندھ کرتا ہے ۔

انہی علاقوں کے بہت سے قبائل کی زمینیں اور آبادیاں بلوچستان میں آباد ہیں یہ خالصتاً انگریزوں کی طرف سے نوآبادیاتی سیاسی انتظام اور فاروڈ بلاک کی وجہ سے علیحدہ رکھے گئے جس طرح گنڈمک معاہدے اور گولڈ سمتھ لائن معاہدے کےذریعے   بلوچ اورپشتون سرزمین کی سرحدیں صرف سامراجی اغراض ومقاصد کےلیے تبدیل کیے گئے ان معاہدوں کی روسے افغان اور بلوچ علاقے افغانستان، ایران ،برٹش بلوچستان اور برٹش انڈیا میں  مدغم کیے گئے

ڈیرہ غازی خان اور راجن پور میں بسنے والےانسانی جمعیت کی نفسیاتی ساخت بھی بلوچستان میں بسنے والی بلوچوں کی طرح ہے ان کےخوشی ،غمی ،غیرت،احساس تفاخر اور بلوچی ازم وغیرہ کرمان سے لے کرڈیرہ غازی خان تک ایک جیسی ہے ان میں بھی کوئی ردو بدل نہیں

ان میں اشتراکِ منڈی  بھی حیرت انگیز طور پر موجودہے ،ان کے معاشی ذرائع اور معاشی مفاد میں بھی خاصی مماثلت پائی جاتی ہے

Dera Ghazi Khan Baloch Culture
Dera Ghazi Khan Baloch Culture

اور اس خطے میں بلوچی اور سرائیکی سمجھی اور بولی جاتی ہے اور  دلچسپ بات یہ ہے کہ سرائیکی زبان بولنےوالوں کی اکثریت کاتعلق بھی بلوچ قبائل سے ہے۔

صرف اسی ایک زبان کی خصوصیت کی بنیاد پر کیسے وہ سرائیکی قومیت کاحصہ بن سکتے ہیں جبکہ ان کے تاریخی ہیرو چاکرخان ،گواہرام ،رامین،بیورغ اور ان کےداستان بھی ھانی و مرید سے مزین ہوں اور ان پرمستزاد یہ کہ تاریخ کےارتقا اور عروج نے قوم بنانے میں ہاتھ بٹایاہو،مشترکہ ارض ،مشترکہ معاشی منڈی ،مشترکہ لسانی ورثہ  اور قومی کردار بھی ہو

تو  سرائیکی قوم پرست انہیں کیسے بلوچ قومیت سے نکال سکتے ہیں ؟؟

اور ان کی مجموعی زندگی بلوچکا اور بلوچی ازم کی بنیاد پر چل رہی ہو جس کی بنیاد پر ہم ببانگ دھل  کہہ سکتے ہیں

صرف زبان کی بنیاد پر ہم سرائیکی نہیں بن سکتے اور نہ ہی زبان کی بنیاد پرقوم تبدیل ہوسکتی ہے.یہ تاریخی مظاہر کاردعمل ہے اسے ہم محض لسانی تناظر میں جانچ نہیں سکتے

حالانکہ ایک ہی خطے میں رہنے والے دو زبانیں بولنے والے ایک مشترکہ تاریخ رکھنے والی انسانی جمعیت ایک ہی قوم کےحصے ہوتے ہیں  جن میں اشتراکِ سرزمین ہے ،جن کا مشترکہ تاریخ ہو ،جن کے معاشی مفاد مشترکہ ہو ،قومی کردار اور نفسیاتی ساخت بھی ایک جیسی ہو

تو وہ کیسے دعوی کرسکتے ہیں کہ ہم سرائیکی قوم کاحصہ ہے ؟؟

جبکہ ڈیرہ غازی خان اور راجن پور میں آباد تمام بلوچ قبائل ایک مشترکہ تاریخ رکھتے ہیں ،ان کے  معاشی ،سیاسی ،لسانی ، نفسیاتی اورتہذیبی اظہاریے ایک جیسے ہوں  تو سرائیکی قوم پرست کیسے کہہ سکتے ہیں

ہم سرائیکی ہیں ؟؟

اور وہ اس کافیصلہ کس عمرانی نظریے کی بنیاد پر کررہے ہیں ؟؟شاید وہ علمی اور سائنسی طریقہ کار سے نا واقفیت کی بنا پرایسا کررہے ہیںیا یہ ہمارا مذاق آڑانے کےلیے ایسا کررہے ہیں خدا کرے !!! ایسا نہ ہو…!

عبدالقیوم  کا تعلق تحصیل کوہ سلیمان ڈیرہ غازیخان سے ہے۔علم البشریات کے طالب علم  ہیں گاہے بگاہے مختلف سیاسی،سماجی اور ثقافتی موضوعات پرلکھتے رہتے ہیں۔بلوچ تاریخ و جغرافیہ سے خاص شغف رکھتے ہیں۔

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